Project title: H2Elements: Using powerfuels to decarbonize hard-to-electrify demand sectors in macro-energy systems
Host Institution: Technical University of Denmark (DTU)
Host Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Dogan Keles
Co-host Institution: Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e)
Co-host Supervisor: Dr. Nikolaos Paterakis
Summary project: This project analyses the use of hydrogen and its powerfuel derivatives to decarbonize hard-to-electrify demand sectors.
Increased electrification leads to higher shares of variable renewable electricity in the overall system. This, in turn, increases the need for flexibility to match energy demand with intermittent and non-dispatchable supply. Macro-energy system models enable studying these complex systems by comparing capacity investments with grid expansion while considering varying resource potentials, regional economic opportunities, and generation costs. On the one hand, the goal is to determine an appropriate macro-energy system pathway that decarbonizes all demand sectors using an accurate but computationally tractable model. On the other hand, the model results should support policymakers in designing efficient renewable fuel regulations to reduce overall emissions in a sector-integrated system.